Meteorology - Climatology

School  Natural Sciences
Academic Unit
 Geology Department
Level of Studies
Course Code
Εξάμηνο σπουδών  7ο
Course Title
 Meteorology - Climatology
Independent Teaching Activities
 Lectures, tutorial and laboratory work
Weekly Teaching Hours
 2 (lect.)/2 (lab.)/ 1(t)
Credits  5
Course Type
 Field of Science and Skills Development
Prerequisite Courses
 There are no prerequisite courses. It is however recommended that students should have at least a basic knowledge of Waves, Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Electromagnetism, Optics and Calculus and also basic laboratory skills regarding the measurement of physical quantities and calculation of the uncertainties involved.
Language of Instruction & Examinations
Is the Course offered to Erasmus Students
 Yes (in English
Course Web-Page (URL)
Learning Outcomes

At the end of this course the student should be able to

  • Identify the basic characteristics of the atmospheric environment and the principal laws that apply to it.
  • Apply these laws of physics in order to explain common weather and climatic phenomena and up-to-date issues in atmospheric physics, meteorology and climatology.
General Competences

At the end of the course the student will have further developed the following skills/competences:

  • to know and understand the basic theories and principles that are related with the atmosphere, its components and the phenomena that take place into it
  • to apply this knowledge for the quantitative and qualitative solutions of problems related with the contents of this course
  • to acquire the needed knowledge and experience to follow relevant courses that deal in depth with atmospheric physics, meteorology, climatology and atmospheric pollution
  • to acquire basic experimental skills related to the measurement of basic meteorological parameters (instrumentation – measurement procedures)
  • to interact with others on atmospheric physics and on inter or multidisciplinary problems

1 Earth’s atmosphere

  • General notions
  • Magnitude of the atmosphere
  • Composition of lower atmosphere
  • Atmospheric temperature
  • Vertical temperature profile
  • Atmospheric pressure
  • Geopotential
  • Simple atmospheric models
  • Water vapor in the atmosphere

2 Atmospheric Thermodynamics

  • State equation
  • Laws of thermodynamics
  • Thermodynamic processes in the atmosphere
  • Atmospheric Stability
  • Ctiteria of instability (Vertical temperature gradient, potential temperature, energy)

3 Cloud Physics

  • Water vapor condensation
  • Cloud classification
  • Rain formation theory

4 Atmospheric Dynamics

  • Forces defining the air motion
  • Equations of motion
  • Synoptic scale winds
  • Air motion in the atmospheric boundary layer
  • Thermal circulation
  • General atmospheric circulation
  • Planetary winds
  • Troposhperic winds – Ηadley cells
  • Tropospheric long (Rossby) waves

5 Air Masses

  • Characteristics of air masses
  • Fronts – Front types
  • Permanent fronts
  • Low pressure centers
  • High pressure centers

6 Climate Dynamics

  • Climate Classification
  • Climate Variability
  • Climate Equilibria, Sensitivity and Feedbacks
  • Climate Change 
Delivery  Lectures, seminars and laboratory work face to face
Use of Information & Communication Technology
 Lectures using power-point presentations. Problem-solving seminars for the instructive solution of synthetic problems. Solving of critical questions by the students during the lecture time. Laboratory experiments. Digital content in the eclass platform.
Teaching Methods
Activity Semester workload
Lectures 2 x 13=26 
Laboratory work  2 x 13=26 
Tutorials  1 x 13=13
Group paper-report 20
Autonomous study 40
 Total number of hours for the Course 125 
 Student Performance Evaluation
  • Language: Greek (English for Erasmus)
  • Written examination on the theoretical part (100% of the final mark). The weekly short-answer tests of 10 questions reconcile the final grade by up to 20%.
Attached Bibliography
  1. Courses of Meteorology and Climatology, Α. Α. Flocas, Ziti Editions, Thessaloniki, Greece, 1994.
  2. Courses in General Meteorology, Τ. Ι. Makrogiannis, C. S. Sahsamanoglou, Charis Editions, Thessaloniki, Greece, 2004.
  3. General Meteorology, C. S. Sahsamanoglou, Τ. Ι. Makrogiannis, Ziti Editions, Thessaloniki, Greece, 1998.
  4. Introduction to Atmospheric Physics and Climate Change, P. Katsafados, E. Mavromatidis, Kallipos Editions, 2015.
  5. Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey, J.M. Wallace, P.V. Hobbs, Academic Press, London, 2006.
  6. Meteorology for Scientists and Engineers, R. Stull, University of British Columbia, 2011.