Protection of the geological, geographic and human heritage

School  Natural Sciences
Academic Unit
 Geology Department
Level of Studies
Course Code
Εξάμηνο σπουδών  8ο
Course Title
 Protection of the geological, geographic and human heritage
Independent Teaching Activities
 Lectures, tutorials and laboratory work
Weekly Teaching Hours
 2 (lect.), 1 (lab)., 1(t) 
Credits  5
Course Type
 General knowledge, Scientific Area, Skills development
Prerequisite Courses
Language of Instruction & Examinations
Greek. Teaching may be however performed in English in case that foreign students attend the course
Is the Course offered to Erasmus Students
Course Web-Page (URL)
Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course , the students will be able to:

  • clarify the necessity for the protection of natural and cultural heritage sites
  • examine the practices and strategies for the managements of the sites under protection
  • investigate possible threats to the sites under protection
  • compose studies on issues relative to the management of sites under protection
  • material culture
  • recognize the importance of the cultural material to the human development
  • discuss the physical and chemical parameters of the cultural material
  • recognize the archaeological sites as the result of interaction between human and environment
  • identify the human characteristics at a landscape under protection
  • map remains of the cultural heritage sites and to link them with geographical and geological data sets
  • adapt and apply the legacy related to the natural and cultural heritage sites.
General Competences
  • Data retrieval, analysis and synthesis of data and information through the use of new information technologies
  • Adapting to new situations.
  • Decision making.
  • Individual work
  • Team work
  • Production of new research ideas.
  • Respect for the natural environment.
  • Promotion of free, creative and inductive way of thinking
  • Design and management of projects


  • Definition of the cultural and natural heritage sites
  • Regulations and strategies of the protected sites on national and international level
  • Marine natural and cultural heritage sites: Definitions, regulations and strategies for their management
  • Archaeological materials as markers for the cultural heritage
  • Archaeometric approach of the cultural materials
  • Categories of artifacts
    • Stone artifacts
    • Ceramic artifacts
    • Metallic artifacts
    • Glass artifacts
  • Conservation and protection of the cultural materials
  • Archaeology of the landscape
    • Regeneration of the landscape through time. Natural and human interferences –Elaborated and Metaelaborated theory
    • Nondestructive methods for the detection and management of the archeological remains


  • Detection and interpretation of marine natural and cultural heritage sites using marine remote sensing techniques
  • Mineral, petrological and geochemical analysis of various artifacts by means of analytical techniques (optical microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray Fluorescence etc.)
  • GIS applications for the onshore  mapping of cultural heritage sites 
Delivery  In classroom and in laboratory (face-to-face)
Use of Information & Communication Technology
  • Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) (power point) in teaching
  • Support of Learning Process and Dissemination of educational material through the e_class  platform.
Teaching Methods
Activity Semester workload
Lectures (2 conduct hours per week x 13 weeks)  2 X 13 = 26 
Laboratory work (1 conduct hours per week x 13 weeks) 1 X 13 =13
Tutorials  1 X 13 =13
Individual Study (Interpretation and writing of the exercises)  73
 Total number of hours for the Course 125 
 Student Performance Evaluation

Ι. Theory

  • Final Exam, written, of increasing difficulty, which may include Multiple choice test, Questions of brief answer, Questions to develop a topic, Judgment questions and Exercise solving.
  • Students are obliged to attend all scheduled laboratory classes and to deliver all the laboratory exercises, during the semester in order to be able to participate to the final exams.
  • Marking Scale: 0-10.
  • Minimum Passing Mark: 5.

ΙΙ. Laboratory

  • Students are obliged to attend all laboratory classe and to deliver the results of all exercises.
  • Maximum number of non delivered laboratory exercises: 3 

Percentages are valid t only when the student secures the minimum mark of 5 in the final written examination

Greek grading scale: 1 to 10. Minimum passing grade: 5.

Grades <3 correspond to ECTS grade F.

Grade 4 corresponds to ECTS grade FX.

For the passing grades the following correspondence normally holds:

5 <-> E, 6 <-> D, 7 <-> C, 8 <-> Β and >9 <-> A
Attached Bibliography

Suggested bibliography:

  1. Notes from the teachers
  2. Published scientific articles and technical reports
  3. Relative Websites

Related academic journals:

  1. Journal of Cultural Heritage
  2. Journal of Archaeological Science
  3. Remote Sensing
  4. Archaeometry