Geology of Greece

School  Natural Sciences
Academic Unit
 Geology Department
Level of Studies
Course Code
Εξάμηνο σπουδών  8ο
Course Title
 Geology of  Greece
Independent Teaching Activities
 Lectures, laboratory work,  tutorial, Fieldwork
Weekly Teaching Hours
Credits  5
Course Type
 Field of Science / Επιστημονικής Περιοχής
Prerequisite Courses

Typically, there are not prerequisite courses. Essentially, the students should possess basic principles provided through all the previously taught theoretical courses.

Language of Instruction & Examinations
 Greek. Teaching
Is the Course offered to Erasmus Students
Course Web-Page (URL)
Learning Outcomes

The course is aimed at undergraduate students who understand the basic principles of Geology. The aim of the course is to acquire advanced knowledge and skills in subjects related to the geological evolution of Greece and its prolongation in countries bordering Greece. Students will learn the geological evolution of the Greek mountain ranges from the Paleozoic to the Cenozoic Eras. Also the objective of the course is to acquire advanced knowledge and skills on issues related to the structure of the Hellenic Palaeogeographic province during the Alpine orogeny. The creation of the mountain ranges in Greece that has formed during the convergence of a series of lithospheric plates being bordering the Tethys Ocean and its splays. The complexity of this palaeogeographic province and its structural evolution is high. The Hellenides mountain range includes magmatic, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks that amalgamated in a complex collage of rocks with peculiar grading in their deformation and metamorphism.

The students after the successful completeness of the course will be able to know:

  • The paleogeographic and structural variability within the various branches of Tethys (i.e. the Palaeo-Tethys and Neo-Tethys) those that were important for the final complexity of the Greek mountain ranges.
  • The ways of moving the individual lithospheric units that compiled the Greek mountain ranges.
  • The rocks deformation, magmatism and metamorphic processes that occurred in the Tethys Ocean area and when the rift-drift procedure of the lithospheric units that eventually led to the formation of the Greek mountain ranges.
General Competences
  • Search and analyze key observations regarding tectonostratigraphy and stratigraphy of the Hellenides mountain range. Synthesize geological  data and information using the necessary technologies,
  • Autonomous work,
  • Teamwork,
  • Promote free, creative and inductive thinking

The content of the course includes the following chapters (for simplicity we will refer only to the parts of thecourse):

  1. Introductory concepts for the Hellenides mountain range
  2. Stratigraphy, palaeogeography and structural evolution of the External Hellenides
  3. Orogenic model of the evolution of the External Hellenides
  4. Tectono-stratigraphy of the Internal Hellenides mountain range
  5. Provinces in the Hellenides mountain range bearing oceanic rock assemblages.
Delivery  Lectures, laboratory work and fieldwork face to face
Use of Information & Communication Technology
 Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) (e.g. powerpoint) in teaching. The lectures content of the course for each chapter are uploaded on the internet, in the form of a series of pdf files. The students can freely download the pdf files
Teaching Methods
Activity Semester workload
Lectures (2 conduct hours per week x 13 weeks) 2×13=26 
Laboratory Work  1×13=13
Tutorial  1×13=13
Students Report based on the field work in a province of Greece

1Χ8 field work  5 hours for preparation of homework

Report by students for a province of Greece and its geological evolution (project) 32
Hours for private study of the student 33
 Total number of hours for the Course 130 
 Student Performance Evaluation
  1. Optionally, preparation of two in total home-works from groups of two students each. 30% of the mean mark of the home-works is added to the grade obtained in the final written examination, provided that the student has secured at least the grade 4.
  2. Written examination after the end of the semester - final grade (GSOC), unless the student participated in the preparation of home-works during the semester. In that case, the 30% of the mean mark of the home-works is added to the final examination mark.
Minimum  passing grade:  5.
Attached Bibliography

Recommended Literature :

  1. Koukouvelas I., Xypolias P. and Kokkalas S.  2007.Geology of Greece (in Greek).

Related Scientific Journals :

  1. Journal of Geological Society of London
  2. Tectonics
  3. Tectonophysics
  4. Gondwana Researh